Dr.med. Othmar Mäser, Psychiater Psychotherapie

object in an absolute sense

In German, Immanuel Kant called an object in an absolute sense (a real physical object) “Gegenstand schlechthin“; it is an object that really exists (see Kant quotation 7).

The following terms represent such real objects:

a piece of metal

a chair

a table

a word written in letters

a combination  of numbers

…. etc.

a piece of bone

the narrowing of a blood vessel that can be seen indirectly on an X-ray picture.

a tumor

an abnormal high laboratory value of an enzyme in the blood

an enlarged lymph node

Certain signs of medical deseases are given us as real objects for visual perception, directly or indirectly.

Such an object can be determined, in general, if it is not clear at the first sight what it is. A lymph node can be disected and a histological examination can be done.

So in general “real objects” in medicine can be determined objectively.

Diagnoses that can be determined on the basis of such “real objects” are the following:

myocardial infarction

pneumonia

cirrhosis of liver

peptic ulcer

melanoma

hodgkin`s lymphoma

…….

In contrast:

An ideal object is a mere idea which is but a systematic unit to conceive other objects in relation to this idea …. (compare to Kant quotation 7):

The following terms represent such systematic units:

tension headache

migraine

fibromyalgia

somatoform-disorder

depression

delusion

schizophrenia

…… these “ideal objects” which correspond to certain health disturbances can not be proven on a “physical” basis – such diagnoses can be evaluated just by “pondering” in mind (one idea against an other) if a diagnosis applies or not.

(last update 28.9.2010)

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Link to ideal object

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Link to: medical diagnosis – psychiatric diagnosis

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